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Alcala, A. C. 1986. Guide to the Philippine flora and fauna. Vol 10, Amphibians and Reptiles. Natural Resources Management Centre and University of the Philippines, Manila.
Alcala, A. C. and C. C. Custodio. 1997. Status of endemic Philippine amphibians. Sylvatrop (1995), 5:72-86.
Asis, C. V. 1971. Plants of the Philippines. Science Education Center, University of the Philippines, Quezon City. 512 pp.
Baille, J., and B. Groombridge, 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland, 368 pp.
Balete, D. S., H. C. Miranda, L. R. Heaney, and J. F. Rieger. 1992. Diversity and conservation of Philippine land vertebrates: an annotated bibliography. Silliman Journal 36:129-149.
Balete, D. S., and L. R. Heaney. 1998. Density, biomass, and movement estimates for murid rodents in mossy forest on Mount Isarog, southern Luzon, Philippines. Ecotropica 3:91-100.
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Braatz, S. 1992. Conserving Biological Diversity, A Strategy for Protected Areas in the Asia-Pacific Region. World Bank Technical Paper Number 193:1-66.
Broad, R. and J. Cavanagh. 1993. Plundering Paradise; The Struggle for the Environment in the Philippines. University of California Press, Berkeley. 197 pp.
Brown, W. C. 1997. Biogeography of amphibians in the islands of the Southwest Pacific. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 50:21-38.
Brown, W. C. and A. C. Alcala. 1978. Philippine lizards of the Family Gekkonidae. Silliman University, Dumaguete City. 146 pp.
Brown, W. C. and A. C. Alcala. 1980. Philippine lizards of the Family Scincidae. Silliman University, Dumaguete City. 264 pp.
Brown, W. C. and A. C. Alcala. 1994. Philippine frogs of the family Rhacophoridae. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 48:185-220.
Brown, W. C. and E. L. Alcala. 1995. A new species of Brachymeles (Reptilia: Scincidae) from Catanduanes Island, Philippines. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 108:392-394.
Brown, W. H. 1919. Vegetation of Philippine mountains. Monograph of the Bureau of Science, Manila, 13: 1-434.
Christensen, T. D. and T. Lund. 1993. A comparison of the avian communities in different forest types in the northern Sierra Madre Mountains, the Philippines. Unpubl. M.Sc. Thesis, Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Vols. 1, 2, 63 + 72 pp.
Collar, N. J., M. J. Crosby, and A. J. Stattersfield. 1994. Birds to Watch 2. Birdlife Conservation Series 4: 407. Birdlife International, Cambridge.
Curio, E. 1993. Report on bird species recorded during a (preliminary) Philippines Conservation Expedition, 3 July - 26 August 1993. Unpubl. Report, Bochum, 32 pp.
Custodio, C. C., M. V. Lepiten, and L. R. Heaney. 1996. Bubalus mindorensis. Mammalian Species 520:1-5.
Danielsen, F., D. S. Balete, T. D. Christensen, M. Heegaard, O. F. Jakobsen, A. Jensen, T. Lund, and M. K. Poulsen. 1994. Conservation of Biological Diversity in the Sierra Madre Mountains of Isabela and southern Cagayan Province, the Philippines. BirdLife International, Manila and      Copenhagen, 146 pp.
Delacour, J., and E. Mayr. 1946. Birds of the Philippines. MacMillan Co., New York. 309 pp. Developmental Alternatives, Inc. 1992. An Aerial Reconnaissance of Closed Canopy Forests. Natural Resources Management Program, Manila. 71 pp.
Dickinson, E. C., R. S. Kennedy, and K. C. Parkes. 1991. The birds of the Philippines, an Annotated Checklist. British Ornithologists’ Union, Tring. 507 pp.
DuPont, J. E. 1971. Philippine birds. Delaware Museum of Natural History, Greenville. 480 pp.
Evans, T. D., G. C. L. Dutson, and T. M. Brooks. Cambridge Philippines Rainforest Project 1991, Final Report. Birdlife International, Cambridge. 96 pp.
Fairbanks, R. G. 1989. A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting on the Younger Dryas event and deep-sea circulation. Nature 342: 637-642.
Ferner, J. W., R. M. Brown, and A. E. Greer. 1997. A new genus and species of moist closed canopy forest skinks from the Philippines. Journal of Herpetology 31:187-192.
Fooden, J. 1991. Systematic review of Philippine macaques (Primates, Cercopithecidae: Macaca fascicularis subspp.). Fieldiana: Zoology, new series 64: 1-44.
Fooden, J. 1995. Systematic review of Southeast Asian longtail macaques, Macaca fascicularis (Raffles, [1821]). Fieldiana: Zoology, new series 81: 1-206.
Fuller, M., R. McCabe, I. S. Williams, J. Almaco, R. Y. Encina, A. S. Zanoria, and J. A. Wolfe. 1983. Paleomagnetism of Luzon, pp. 79-84. In Hayes, D. E., ed., The Tectonic and Geologic Evolution of South-east Asian Seas and Islands: Part 2. American Geophysical Union Monograph, 27: 1- 396.
Gamalinda, E., and S. Coronel (eds.). 1993. Saving the Earth: The Philippine Experience(Third Ed.). Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, Makati. 203 pp.
Gonzales, P. C. 1983. Birds of Catanduanes. Zoological Papers National Museum Manila 2:1-125.
Gonzales, P. C., and C. P. Rees. 1988. Birds of the Philippines. Haribon Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources, Manila. 184 pp.
Goodman, S. M. and P. C. Gonzales. 1990. The birds of Mt. Isarog National Park, southern Luzon, Philippines, with particular reference to altitudinal distribution. Fieldiana Zoology, new series 60:1-39.
Goodman, S. M. and N. R. Ingle. 1993. Sibuyan Island in the Philippines: threatened and in need of conservation. Oryx 27:174-180.
Goodman, S. M., D. E. Willard, and P. C. Gonzales. 1995. The birds of Sibuyan Island, Romblon Province, Philippines, with particular reference to elevational distribution and biogeographic affinities. Fieldiana Zoology, new series 82:1-57.
Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1992. Global Biodiversity: Status of the Earth’s Living Resources. Chapman and Hall, London. 585 pp.
Guzman, E. de, R, M. Umali, and E. D. Sotalbo. 1986. Philippine Dipterocarps. In Guide to Philippine Flora and Fauna III:1-74.
Guzman, E. de, E. S. Fernando. 1986. Philippine palms. In Guide to Philippine Flora and Fauna IV:147-254.
Hall, R. 1996. Reconstructing Cenozoic SE Asia, pp. 153-184. In Hall, R., and D. Blundell eds., Tectonic Evolution of Southeast Asia. Geological Society Special Publications 106:1- 566.
Hamilton, W. 1979. Tectonics of the Indonesian region. Geological Survey Professional Papers, 1078: 1-345.
Harper, P. and E. S. Peplow. 1991. Philippines Handbook. Moon Publications Inc., Chico.587 pp.
Hashimoto, W. 1981. Geological development of the Philippines, pp. 83-170, and supplementary notes on the geological history of the Philippines, pp. 171-192. In Kobiyashi, T., R. Toriyama, & W. Hashimoto, eds., Geology and Palaeontology of Southeast Asia 22: 1-192.
Heaney, L. R. 1986. Biogeography of mammals in Southeast Asia: estimates of rates of colonization, extinction, and speciation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 28:127-165.
Heaney, L. R. 1991. An analysis of patterns of distribution and species richness among Philippine fruit bats (Pteropodidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 206: 1-432.
Heaney, L. R., D. S. Balete, L. Dolar, A. C. Alcala, A. Dans, P. C. Gonzales, N. Ingle, M. Lepiten, W. Oliver, P. S. Ong, E. A. Rickart, B. R. Tabaranza, Jr., and R. C. B. Utzurrum. 1998. A synopsis of the mammalian fauna of the Philippine Islands. Fieldiana Zoology new series 88:1-61.
Heaney, L. R., D. S. Balete, E. A. Rickart, R. C. B. Utzurrum, and P. C. Gonzales. 1999. Mammalian diversity on Mt. Isarog, a threatened center of endemism on southern Luzon Island, Philippines. Fieldiana Zoology new series 95:1-62.
Heaney, L. R., and P. D. Heideman. 1987. Philippine fruit bats, endangered and extinct. Bats 5:3-5.
Heaney, L. R., P. D. Heideman, E. A. Rickart, R. B. Utzurrum, & J. S. H. Klompen. 1989. Elevation-al zonation of mammals in the central Philippines. Journal of Tropical Ecology 5: 259-280.
Heaney, L. R., and E. A. Rickart. 1990. Correlations of clades and clines: geographic, elevational, and phylogenetic distribution patterns among Philippine mammals. pp. 321-332. In G. Peters and R. Hutterer (eds.), Vertebrates in the Tropics. Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn. 424 pp.
Heaney, L. R., and B. R. Tabaranza, Jr. 1997. A preliminary report on mammalian diversity and conservation status of Camiguin Island, Philippines. Sylvatrop (1995) 5:57-64.
Heaney, L. R. 1991. A synopsis of climatic and vegetational change in Southeast Asia. Climatic Change 19:53-61.
Heaney, L. R., and R. C. B. Utzurrum. 1992. A review of the conservation status of Philippine land mammals. Association of Systematic Biologists of the Philippines Communications (1991) 3:1-13.
Heaney, L. R. 1993. Biodiversity patterns and the conservation of mammals in the Philippines. Asia Life Sciences, 2:261-274.
Heaney, L. R., D. S. Balete, and A. T. L. Dans. 1997. Terrestrial Mammals. Pp. 116-144.In Wildlife Conservation Society of the Philippines. Philippine Red Data Book. Bookmark, Manila. 240 pp.
Heaney, L and R. A. Mittermeier 1997. The Philippines. In: R. A. Mittermeier, P. Robles Gil and C.G. Mittermeier (Eds.). Megadiversity, Earth's Biologically Wealthiest Nations. CEMEX, Monterrey, Mexico, pp. 236-255.
Heideman, P. D. 1988. The timing of reproduction in the fruit bat, Haplonycteris fischeri(Pteropodidae): geographic variation and delayed development. Journal of Zoology, London 215: 577-595.
Heideman, P. D. 1989. Delayed development in Fischer's pygmy fruit bat, Haplonyceris fischeri, in the Philippines. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 85: 363-382.

Heideman, P. D., and K. R. Erickson. 1987. The      climate and hydrology of the Lake Balinsasayao watershed, Negros Oriental, Philippines. Silliman Journal 34: 82-107.
Heideman, P. D., & L. R. Heaney. 1989. Population biology and estimates of abundance of fruit bats (Pteropodidae) in Philippine submontane rainforest. Journal of Zoology (London) 218: 565-586.
Holttum, R. E. 1963. Cyatheacaea. Flora Malesiana II, 1:65-176.
Ingle, N. R. 1992. The natural history of bats on Mt. Makiling, Luzon Island, Philippines. Silliman Journal 36: 1-26.
Ingle, N. R. 1993. Vertical stratification of bats in a Philippine rainforest. Asia Life Sciences 2: 215-222.
Ingle, N. R. and L. R. Heaney. 1992. A key to the bats of the Philippine Islands. Fieldiana Zoology new series 69:1-44.
Karnow, S. 1989. In our image, America’s empire in the Philippines. Random House, New York. 494 pp.
Kummer, D. M. 1992. Deforestation in the postwar Philippines. University of Chicago Press. 177 pp.
Kummer, D. M. and B. L. Turner II. 1994. The human causes of deforestation in Southeast Asia. Bioscience 44:323-328.
     Lepiten, M. V. 1997. The Mammals of Siquijor Island, central Philippines. Sylvatrop (1995), 1 & 2: 1-17.
Magsalay, P. M. 1993. Rediscovery of four Cebu endemic birds (Philippines). Asia Life Sciences 2:141-148.
Manalo, E. B. 1956. The distribution of rainfall in the Philippines. Philippine Geographical Journal 4: 104-166.
Merrill, E. D. 1923-26. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. Manila, Bureau of Printing.
Merrill, E. D. 1945. Plant life of the Pacific World. MacMilan Co., New York. 295 pp.
Musser, G. G., & P. W. Freeman. 1981. A new species of Rhynchomys (Muridae) from the Philippines. Journal of Mammalogy 62: 154-159.
Musser, G. G., and L. R. Heaney. 1992. Philippine rodents: definitions of Tarsomys and Limnomys plus a preliminary assessment of phylogenetic patterns among native Philippine murines (Murinae, Muridae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 211:1-138.
Musser, G. G., L. R. Heaney, and B. R. Tabaranza, Jr.. 1998. Philippine rodents: Redefinitions of known species of Batomys (Mammalia, Muridae) and description of a new species from Dinagat Island, Philippines. American Museum Novitates 3237:1-51.
Myers, N. 1988. Environmental degradation and some economic consequences in the Philippines. Environmental Conservation, 15: 205-214.
Myers, N. 1984. The primary source, tropical forests and our future. W. W. Norton & Co., New York. 399 pp.
Myers, N. 1993. Ultimate security: the environmental basis of political stability. W. W. Norton & Co., New York. 308 pp.
National Mapping and Resource Information Authority. 1988. Sheet maps, 1:250,000, based on satellite images from the Swedish Space Corporation. Manila, 53 sheets.
Oliver, W. L. R., C. R. Cox, and C. P. Groves. 1993b. The Philippine warty pigs (Sus philippensis and Sus cebifrons. In Oliver, W. L. R., ed., Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos: Status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN, Gland, 202 pp.
Oliver, W. L. R., M. L. Dolar, and E. Alcala. 1992. The Philippine spotted deer, Cervus alfredi Sclater, conservation program. Silliman Journal 36: 47-54.
Oliver, W. L. R., C. R. Cox, P. C. Gonzales, and L. R. Heaney. 1993. Cloud rats in the Philippines - preliminary report on distribution and status. Oryx 27:41-48.
Oliver, W. L. R and L. R. Heaney. 1996. Biodiversity and conservation in the Philippines. International Zoo News 43:329-337.
Peterson, A. T., and L. R. Heaney. 1993. Genetic differentiation in Philippine bats of the genera Cynopterus and Haplonycteris. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 49: 203-218.
Porter, G. and D. J. Ganapin, Jr. 1988. Resources, population, and the Philippines’ future; a case study. World Resources Institute, Washington. 68 pp.
Rabor, D. S. 1955. Notes on mammals and birds of the central northern Luzon highlands, Philippines. Pt. 1. Notes on mammals. Silliman Journal 2: 193-218.
Rabor, D. S. 1966. A report on the zoological expeditions in the Philippines for the period 1961-1966. Silliman Journal 13: 604-616.
Rabor, D. S. 1977. Philippine Birds and Mammals. University of Philippines Press, Quezon City, 283 pp.
Regalado, J. C. 1995. Revision of the Philippine Medinilla. Blumea 40:113-193.
Remigio, A. A. Jr. 1993. Philippine forest resource policy in the Marcos and Aquino governments: a comparative assessment. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 3:192-193.
Repetto, R. 1988. The forest for the trees? Government policies and the misuse of forest resources. World Resources Institute, Washington. 105 pp.
Rickart, E. A., L. R. Heaney, D. S. Balete, and B. R. Tabaranza, Jr. 1998. A review of the genera Crunomys and Archboldomys (Rodentia, Muridae, Murinae) with descriptions of two new species from the Philippines. Fieldiana Zoology new series 89:1-24.
Rickart, E. A., L. R. Heaney, and R. B. Utzurrum. 1991. Distribution and ecology of small mammals along an elevational transect in southeastern Luzon, Philippines. Journal of Mammalogy 72:458-469.
Rickart, E. A. 1993. Diversity patterns of mammals along elevational and diversity gradients in the Philippines: implications for conservation. Asia Life Sciences 2:251-260.
Samson, D. A., E. A. Rickart, and P. C. Gonzales. 1997. Ant diversity and abundance along an elevational gradient in the Philippines. Biotropica 29: 349-363.
Santos, J. V. 1986. Philippine bamboos. In Guide to Philippine Flora and Fauna IV:1-43.
Tan, B. C., E. S. Fernando, and J. P. Rojo. 1986. An updated list of endangered Philippine plants. Yushiana 3(2):1-5.
Tan, B. C. and Z. Iwatsuki. 1991. A new annotated Philippine moss checklist. Harvard Papers in Botany 3:1-64.
Utzurrum, R. C. B. 1992. Conservation status of Philippine fruit bats (Pteropodidae). Silliman Journal 36: 27-45.
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Vitug, M. D. 1993. Power from the forest: the politics of logging. Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, Manila. 277 pp.
Whitmore, T. C. 1984. Tropical Rain Forests of the Far East. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 352 pp.
Wildlife Conservation Society of the Philippines. 1997. Philippine Red Data Book. Bookmark, Inc., Makati City. 262 pp.
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